What should I look for when choosing a drilling contractor?
drilling wells, installing pump systems, or installing water
treatment systems in the state of Tennessee is required to
be licensed. Check a contractor’s reputation by asking
neighbors and friends about prior business dealings. Check
with the Better Business Bureau and State of Tennessee
Department of Water Supply. Make sure the contractor doesn’t
pay his/her employees footage bonuses. Make sure the
contractor has general liability insurance and workers
compensation to protect you from injury that could occur on
the job site. Does the contractor run a full-service
business, providing well drilling, submersible pump
installation/repair, and water treatment solutions? With
over 55 years experiences you can trust that Joe Samples
Well Drilling, Inc. surpasses all the criteria in looking
for a superior well drilling contactor.
Is well water as safe as utility water?
Over 53 million Americans obtain their drinking water from
private wells each day. Because of this great demand, extra
care has to be taken in obtaining and using this most
precious resource. As a licensed contractor, we take extra
measures to be certain that your private water system is
properly constructed. With proper installation and
maintenance, as well as proper treatment (if necessary),
your private water supply can be better than water from a
municipal water supply. Municipal water is sometimes
obtained from local rivers, streams or lakes. Water from
these sources can often contain harmful bacteria and other
undesirable contaminants. Municipal water supplies have
known for years that this water had to be disinfected by
chlorination to prevent illness. After treatment, these
supplies are generally not perfect, but are usually free
from harmful bacteria and are generally acceptable for
consumer use. Water from municipal supplies often has
objectionable odors and taste. Through your own private
water supply, you are in control of what chemicals, if any,
are added to your water supply. There are no monthly water
bills to pay and you have the security of knowing that you
are in control of your family’s water usage demands. If for
some reason bacteria is introduced into your well system,
well disinfection is rather simple and can be followed up
with an Ultraviolet Sterilization for added security.
Do I need a permit for a well?
there is no permit requirement to have a water well drilled.
However, the State of Tennessee has a registration procedure
we abide by. In this procedure, we as a licensed well
driller must submit a $75.00 fee to record your well data.
This needs to be in the form of a check made payable to
Joe Samples Well Drilling, Inc.
The process begins
by our company sending a representative to your site to
determine the location of the well, abiding by state
Where should I drill my well?)
This is also called spotting. Once the contracts have been
completed by the homeowner, we will send this information to
the state and you are assigned a well ID number. Your well
will then be registered with the state and subject to
inspection to make sure that it meets construction
How do I know how deep my well will be?
It is almost impossible to know the depth of a
given well before the drilling begins. The easiest way to get a good estimation is to contact neighbors
and find out their well depths. You can also contact Joe Samples Well Drilling for information on wells
that have been drilled in your area. We can provide you with information such as: average well depths,
average casing footage, average water yields and potential water quality.
Where should I drill my well?
can be found almost anywhere in the Eastern Tennessee Area.
Your well should be located higher than any point of
contamination such as septic tanks or where water will flood
and stand. State regulations require that the well location
be at least:
Due to the size and expense of the drilling equipment, a
company representative will meet with you on-site to discuss
the location of the new well.
- 25 ft. from property lines
- 50 ft. from septic tank, sewer lines, and drain fields
- 5 ft. from building foundations
- 100 ft. from animal pens (feed lots)
Now that my well is drilled, what size pump will I need?
Samples Well Drilling, Inc for pump recommendations.
We have knowledgeable, experienced technicians that can
properly size a pump system for every situation. Do not
sacrifice quality and efficiency for a cheaper price. The
years of service from a Samples designed submersible pump
system will more than off-set a cheaper installation price.
After all, we’ve been doing this for more than 55 years! For
more information on submersible pump systems see our
section or give us a call toll free at 866.890.8679 or
locally at 865.674.2996 and talk to one of our qualified
What should I do if my water has a bad taste, color or odor?
Joe Samples Well Drilling strives to provide the best
quality groundwater possible. However, water from wells may,
at times, have high concentrations of minerals that must be
treated and removed prior to use. If you have water that
causes staining or has a bad odor or taste,
Joe Samples Well Drilling, Inc can
help. With over 30 years of treating groundwater, we can
recommend and provide a solution. Our water treatment
experts can design a system to take care of any problem that
may arise. For more information on water treatment systems
see our water treatment section or give us a call toll free
at 866.890.8679 or locally at 865.674.2996 and talk to one
of water treatment technicians.
What should I do if my well tests positive for bacteria?
The first step is to properly disinfect the well and all
supply lines. Then the water supply should be tested again
so it can be determined that the bacteria is, in fact, being
introduced from the well. For information on how to properly
disinfect your complete well system see our
FAQ. There is a simple ways to remove bacteria from your
water supply using ultraviolet sterilization.
Ultraviolet sterilization is nature's way of
destroying bacteria. The UV
sterilizer is a stainless steel device that houses a quartz
sleeve and an ultraviolet bulb. The water passes around the
quartz sleeve and bacteria are killed instantaneously as the
UV rays penetrate them. An ultraviolet sterilizer will kill
99.9% of bacteria if properly installed and maintained.
Ultraviolet sterilizers will only work if he water supply is
low in hardness and iron (something we can test for at
Samples Well Drilling, Inc)
If you have high iron and harness particles, the quartz
sleeve will become covered with minerals and the ultraviolet
light will not properly penetrate the quartz sleeve and kill
the bacteria. Because of this, a water softener or iron
filter may need to be installed before the sterilizer in
order to lower the hardness and iron levels. For further
information on our UV sterilizers visit our
How can I disinfect my well?
Symptoms of contaminated wells could possibly be a sudden
change in taste of the water, stomach cramps, or diarrhea.
However, it is possible to become immune to bacteria in
which case the body will not show any symptoms after an
extended period of time.
To disinfect your well use a clean plastic container to mix:
* Note: Use common household bleach (Chlorox), do not use
- 4 gallons of water to 1 gallon of bleach for wells up to
250 feet deep
- 6 gallons of water to 2 gallons of bleach for wells up to
400 feet deep
- 6 gallons of water to 3 gallons of bleach for wells up to
600 feet deep
Access the top of the well and pour the solution slowly in a
circular motion into the well. Try to wash the sides of the
casing as you are adding the solution. Wait 30 minutes
before pumping any water from the well. Open any spigot
closest to the well or pressure tank and let the water run
until you smell or taste the chlorine solution. At this
point shut off the spigot and run all other spigots
individually until you smell or taste the solution. Let the
solution set for 8 hours without using any water with the
exception of flushing a toilet. After the water has set for
at least 8 hours, begin running the water at an outside
spigot, if possible, until you no longer smell the chlorine
solution. This could possibly take two to three hours to rid
the system of the chlorine smell. If you have a low
producing well take care not to let the system pump out of
water as this can cause damage to your submersible pumping